rohtas fort on the bank of river

Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan River meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. The gate may have been built in two stages. The wall is built in sandstone laid in lime mortar mixed with brick. Rohtas Fort Entrances. About a mile to the North-East of the Palace are the ruins of two temples. [9] Rohtas Fort, ironically, came to serve as capital of the Gakhar tribes that it had initially been designed to subdue,[1] and was not required as a military garrison as the local Gakhar tribes remained loyal to the Mughal crown.[1]. [1] Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. It places function over form. It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. Headquarter of UNESCO is located in: Major Non-NATO alloy is: Leave a Comment Cancel reply. Amar Singh, the brother of Kunwar Singh, together with his companions took refuge here. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. This was the original entrance to the Qila (Fort) because outside the gate lies the old GT Road. Industries: There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, including … During the Sher Shah's reign 10000-armed men guarded the fort. The dual-carriage Grand Trunk Road takes you past Gujar Khan and Sohawa, to the small city of Dina 110 km away. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. There is also located a dipilated pond in front of this gate within the fort, since the construction of the fort, for this reason it is now called "Sar Gate" as "Sar" means water pond. It is also present in the guard post in between each gate. The Afsharid ruler Nader Shah camped at the fort during his invasion of the Mughal Empire. [1] the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. Sarang Khan was then killed. This type of tile became extremely popular with the Mughals who further refined them. Rohtas Garh is one of the Vast, ancient and glorious fort. Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream. A dilapidated gate with a cupola can be seen there, which is the first of many gates provided for well-guarded entrances to the fort. [citation needed]. He said the following about its location: This fort was founded in a cleft and the strength of it cannot be imagined. It derives its name from a local saint named Sohail Bukhari − whose remains are interred in the south-western portion of the gate. Emperor Jahangir then proceeded to Rohtas and held his court here for a while. Rohtas Fort. In 1992 the government ordered the locals of Rohtas to leave the inside area of fort and state that the government would construct houses for them outside the fort. There are 12 gates of the fort. In 1558 AD, Raja Man Singh, Akbar's Hindu General, ruled Rohtas. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. An inscription on the left side of the gate gives the date of construction of the fort. These tiles are blue in color. The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. The Rohtas Fort is a massive defensive complex surrounding a small hill alongside the Kahan River. The outer arch has a small window like the Sohail Gate. English: Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fort located on the Potohar Plateau in Punjab, Pakistan. Categories Pakistan Study MCQs Post navigation. The carving is of the word "Allah" in Arabic. The gate also has a room which has windows opening to the inside and the outside. [1], The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region. Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. However, more tourism can be boosted by developing the area and by renovating the fort. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. The tall imposing superstructure corresponds the temples of Rajputana (Rajasthan), especially of Ossian near Jodhpur built in the 8th century AD and the Mira Bai temple of the 17th century AD at Chittor. The fort was designed to block the advances of Mughal emperor Humayun, who had been exiled to Persia following his defeat at the Battle of Kannauj. The fortified walls have 68 bastions at irregular intervals,[4] with 12 monumental gateways providing access to the inner fort. Proximity to the Naxalite -affected areas has rendered the fort quiet inaccessible in recent times. It is spread in 42Sqkm. The outer opening leads to a Langar Khana (Mess or Canteen). It is about 2 meters wide. [5] F. Kielhorn identified Shri Pratapa (Śrī-Pratāpa) as a member of the Khayaravala dynasty, whose inscriptions have been found at other locations in the Rohtas district. [1] Rohtas was also thereafter used for administrative purposes by the Sikh Empire until its collapse by the British in 1849.[10][11]. [citation needed]It has 83 gates and network of many underground place and tunnels. It originally had four rooms but only room remains standing today. [9], In 1825, the Sikh forces of Gurmukh Singh Lamba conquered the fort from the Gakhar chieftain Nur Khan. It is 2,660 feet (810 m) above sea level and covers an area of 70 hectares. C. Soan. The Gatali Gate forms one of the original entrances to Rohtas. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. This gate is also a double gate. Jagat Guru Nanak Dev Ji arrived here from Tila Jogian. These tiles were made in Lahore. Construction work on the Rohtas fort began in about 1541 A.D and was finished 10 years later after Sher Shah’s death. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. To be ever ready in case of attack, stairs lead directly from the courtyard of this mosque to the top of Kabuli Gate. Fatehpur Sikri (India) which is already on the World Heritage List represents the full Mughal realization of a form and style that owes everything to its precursor, Rohtas Fort. Sasaram is famous for being the birthplace of Afghan king Sher Shah Suri who ruled in Delhi and much of Northern India and what is now Pakistan and eastern Afghanstan for five years, after defeating Humayun, the Mughal Emperor. 8 km from GT road ,Dina edit; Jhelum River Bridge. Emperor Akbar stayed here for a single night. Location. Each step is 20 cm (8 in) wide. After the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas gained most of their territories in North India. In 1621 AD, the Prince Khurram revolted against his father Jahangir and took refuge at Rohtas. The outer wall of the mosque is the fortification wall itself. The most expansive structure within the palace is, however, the Takhte Badshahi, where Man Singh himself resided. She was the daughter of the food minister named Qadir Bukhsh. The saint died while still on work and was buried near the gate. Just past Dina you will drive over a railway overpass, stay to the right of the road and take the first U-turn to drive back towards Dina. The fort is one of the largest and most formidable in the subcontinent. [1] The fort roughly forms an irregularly shaped triangle, and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. He started the water to flow a spring using his stick. However, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of this area, and no pre-7th century ruins have been found at the site. About Rohtas Fort Rohtas Fort Showcases 16th Century Architecture. From the fourth floor one can get a bird's eye view of the surrounding area. In 1539 CE, the Fort of Rohtas passed out of the hands of the Hindu kings into those of Sher Shah Suri. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort.Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan river meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. road past Gujranwala, Wazirabad and the city of Jhelum. At the end of the climb, one reaches the boundary wall of the fort. The Rohtas Fort Conservation Programme was conceived by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation in 2000 to help protect the sixteenth-century Rohtas Fort near Jhelum, and develop it as a heritage site conforming to international standards of conservation and tourism. These verses are surrounded by a Lilly going around the Naqsh script. [9], The fort lost much of its significance as the fort's purpose of subduing pro-Mughal Gakhar tribesmen, as well as the preventing the return of Emperor Humayun, was no longer required. Goddard left, keeping some guards in charge of the fort, but they too left after a year. The fort was used by the Marathas as a frontier post for their operations in Peshawar and Attock. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort. Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 Baolis (stepped wells) it could withstand a major siege although it was never besieged.Most of the fort was built with ashlar stones collected from its surrounding villages such as Tarraki village. Rohtas Fort Pakistan History After defeating Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex upon a hill top at Rohtas, to prevent Humayun’s return. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6. In 1763 AD, in the Battle of Udhwa Nala, the Nawab of Bihar and Bengal, Mir Kasim, lost to the British and fled with his family to Rohtas. On the southern side of the gate is the Shahi (Royal) Mosque because of which many people also call it Shahi (Royal) Darwaza (Gate or Door). The famous Rohtas fort is just 15 miles away from the city. The same inscription is also found over the Talaqi gate. The gate features room in the upper portion that have windows which open towards the fort's interior. [3] Its opening is 3.15 meters (10.3 feet) wide, and is flanked by two bastions on either side of the opening. A. Jehlum. The uppermost terrace has merlon-shaped battlements from which muskets could be fired, and from which soldiers could also pour molten lead. The upper portion has been cut in stone. The large fort could hold a force of up to 30,000 men.The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. 5 – Every year, thousands of tourists visit Rohtas Fort. Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. It is in the middle of the Fort for soldiers, elephants, horses etc. Most of the structures named forts in India are actually fortresses [1] but are nevertheless called forts due to British nomenclature. It is a one-storey structure. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). King Porus of Paurava blocked Alexander’s advance at a ford on the Hydaspes River (now the Jhelum) in the Punjab. A visit to Rohtas Fort Near Jehlum. The Khayaravalas are probably represented by the modern Kharwars.[6][3]. The Lilly design was later used by Mughals in Tomb of Jahangir, Tomb of Nur Jehan and the Shah Burj Gate in Lahore Fort. The oldest grand trunk road also passes through the city. Then he went on to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die. Hazrat baba Salman Paras Shrine, (near bank of river Jhelum). The gate now houses a visitors' information center, and a museum set up by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation. [4], The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. The guardian of the fort, Saiyyad Mubarak handed over the keys of Rohtas to the prince. This gate is named after one of Sher Shah Suri's greatest general, Khawas Khan Marwat. The Naskh script is used. The fort was never popular with the Mughals because of its military character. Until the construction of the new Grand Trunk Road, Rohtas was a halting place on the main Peshawar-Lahore road. He built a splendid palace for himself, renovated the rest of the fort, cleared up the ponds and made gardens in Persian style. The gate opens to the north and faces towards Kashmir. "[4] Some parts of the fort were built with bricks.The fort is irregular in shape and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. A visit to Rohtas Fort Near Jehlum. There are seven battlements along the outer face of the Sohail gate. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. The Rohtas Fort has hundreds of them and each one is beautifully decorated with geometric patterns. Religious Shrine (33 03, 73 45) edit; PTC(pakistan tobbaco company) it is situated in kala gujran approximately 7miles from jhelum city. All of these have loopholes as well as machicolation. To control the Ghakkars, the construction strategy was there to built it on the hill alongside the Kahan River. 5. Mangla dam is also located in the city of Jhelum and is … [7], The fort was soon ceded to Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555,[8] after the local governor, Tatar Khan Khasi, deserted the fort ahead of the Mughal army's advances. Also the Afghan chieftain Ahmed Shah Abdali had used the fort in his expeditions in the Punjab during the waning days of the Mughal empire. But the later ones contained fierce Afghan soldiers, who captured Rohtas and forced the Hindu king to flee. This is an entrance rather than a gate. There is a bastion next to this gate. The recommendation by ICOMOS (the organization that makes the World Heritage list) made the following recommendation. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites. It is accessible by only one gate and also had a very fine Baoli which suggests that it was meant for the chief and his family.This gate has a bastion and a defensive wall on each side. During his two-month stay at the fort, the Captain destroyed the storeroom and many of the fortifications. It is approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum, and is near the city of Dina. Comment. edit; Saint John's Church. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. His son Murad Baksh was born to his wife Mumtaz Mahal. A centre of tourism attraction, Rohtas Fort which is located about 16 km from Jhelum, Punjab.. Rohtas fort was built by Sher Shah Suri and is standing like a remarkable Islamic military architecture. edit; Damri Valli Sarkar (10734), from Mangla Cantt. Search for: [2] Locals have a story to tell about this place that this spot is the mouth of a cave, where a Muslim fakir (mendicant) is buried. Iconoclasts probably destroyed the roof and the main mandap, which housed the sacred lingam. The walls have up to 3 terraces located at different levels. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. It also had a profound influence on the development of architectural styles in the Mughal Empire (and hence on the European colonial architecture that made abundant use of that tradition). Jhelum city over head view Masjid AFGANIAN at the bank of river Jhelum. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎ ; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri. The area of the fort is 3200 canals. The tiles on Shishi gate are the earliest example of the usage of these tiles. Unable to succeed he wrote a letter to Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, requesting that the British protect the Mughal dynasty.[12]. In early 2005, seepage, heavy rains, and general neglect caused the left inner face of the Talaqi Gate to collapse, and the right flank and foundation to become detached from the original structure. [4] The inscription states that he defeated a "Yavana" army; the "Yavana" here probably refers to a Muslim general. The palace was constructed in a north-south axis, with its entrance to the west with barracks for soldiers in front. Timur Shah Durrani retook Multan from the Sikhs in 1780 after defeating them at Rohtas, he then secured Bhawalpur and Kashmir. There is an inscription in Persian on the Shishi gate which gives the date of start of construction. On the outer wall of the mosque the "Kalima" is written in beautiful calligraphy on both sides of each arch of the Shahi Mosque. Sher Shah Suri named Qila Rohtas after the famous Rohtasgarh Fort in Shahabad district near Baharkunda. The design seems to have been copied from the coins used in that time. There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the South Asia which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. Like the outer arch there is a small window in the middle of the inner arch. Qila Rohtas or the Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia because it was built essentially for military purpose. About half a kilometer to the west of Man Singh's Palace is a Ganesh temple. The fort however was captured again by the Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of North India. Qila Rohtas is situated in a gorge approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum and 7 km from Dina. There are other inscriptions on the Khwas Khani, Langar Khani and Gatali gate. These tiles are found on Shishi gate. [1] Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 baolis (stepped wells), it could withstand a major siege, although it was never actually besieged. She died here and was buried in this tomb but she was later moved to Sasaram. The Rohtas Fort has the following 12 gates. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. "[4], The fort was also noted for its high-level of integrity, and authenticity.[4]. [2] However, no evidence has been found at Rohtas to confirm this theory. This gate links the citadel to the main fort. Most of these inscriptions are on the Shahi Mosque. Derawar Fort. B. Indus. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. According to the local legends, the Rohtas hill was named after the Rohitāśva, a son of the legendary king Harishchandra. [1] The Afsharid ruler Nadir Shah camped at the fort during his attack on the Mughal Empire. There are 3 Baolis in the fort. A stupendous achievement in such a short time. One of these is about one mile (1.6 km) north of the Rohtas Fort. The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab. The gates are in grey ashlar masonry. Drive on G.T. As soon as one enters from the outer gate one has to turn right. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. The Kabuli gate derives its name from the fact that it opens towards the northwest in the general direction of Kabul. [5], The origin of the fort goes back to the Sur dynasty, where emperor Sher Shah Suri ordered the fort to be constructed after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. His shrine still stands to this day. Unlike other gates of this Qila, the inner side of the gate has five battlements. [1] The fort's Langar Khani gate opens into the citadel, but is actually a trap that is in the direct line of fire from the fort's bastions. Going around the Naqsh script a legend, Prince Sabir Suri entered the gate features in... 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